Jan 19 - Fried 1960, Wenke and Olszewski 279-292.

Jan 19 - Fried 1960 (in reader or online), and Wenke and Olszewski 2007 (pp. 279-292).

Answer two of the following three questions in a two part answer of at least 400 words.

1. Describe the positions of prestige versus the persons capable of filling them equation that Fried uses to explain each of the different types of social organization in the article. Further, what role does inheritance have changes from one type of social organization to another?

2. Describe the spatial relationships between complex societies and their less-complex neighbors. What are the regional effects of stratified and state level societies, and how does resource distribution, roads, and other forms of interaction affect both complex societies and their neighbors?

3. What are the principal economic systems associated with each of the four types of social organization as described by Fried (1960) and by Steward (as reviewed by Wenke in pp. 279-292). Terms like reciprocity and redistribution are relevant here.